"To me, I confess that [countries] are pieces on a chessboard,
upon which is being played out a game for the domination
of the world."
Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, 1898
Following the dissipation of the "Grand optimism of Empire divided by class & wealth"
and over two centuries of imperial rule driven by discovery & progression - as a direct result of prejudice & oppression - Viscount Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last British Governor-General of India, announced - on 3 June 1947 - the partitioning of the
British Indian Empire into a secular India and a Muslim Pakistan.
At midnight, on 15 August 1947, India became an independent nation. Violent clashes between Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs followed.
Mark Leonard has said elsewhere that -
"Europe's big idea - multilateralism - has little following in modern India.
This is partly because India's colonial past has led to a suspician of international involvement in the internal affairs of other countries.
India sees itself as the biggest loser of the Yalta settlement which granted permanent seats on the UN Security Council to China, France, Russia, the UK and the US. India's failure to get a permanent veto-wielding seat at the Security Council will continue to grate, and contribute to a sense that the world order is organised against it
... moreover, Delhi, unlike the US - or the EU for that matter - shows no desire to spread democracy around the world, using its experience of colonialism as an explanation for its reluctance to engage in any kind of "civilsing misssion".
This has left India free to develop friendly relationships with dubious regimes, advancing its economic interests in the process ... will make it a swing state rather than a pole in its own right ... and will increasingly have the casting vote on important decisions, BUT will not shape the emerging world order " -
"Turning more particularly to Islam and the West, it must be emphasized that whether we are Muslims, Jews, Christians, or even secularists, whether we live in the Islamic world or the West, we are in need of meaning in our lives, of ethical norms to guide our actions, of a vision that would allow us to live at peace with each other and with the rest of God’s creation. It is in the achievement of this task that both the formal aspect and the inner message of Islam as well as those of other religions can come to our aid as can nothing else in this world. Of special importance is the inner message, for this message is none other than the universal truth that was placed by God in the hearts of all human beings and that stands at the center of all heavenly revelations."
Seyyed Hossein Nasr
TIME - as Professor Brian Cox has suggested in the
Wonders of Life - for the scientific community to
explain the spirituality which forms the basis of
each and everyone of our belief systems.
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