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It is our contention that the antipathy between word-based and visuo/spatial modes of thought has had damaging effects on the development and use of visual cognitive skills which are an essential element in the human brain's capacity to change response patterns - to create.

The Power Of Dyslexia about Famous Dyslexics
This capacity is no mere decorative " extra " it is as important a survival factor as language.

But we live in a word-dominated culture & learn in a word-dominated education system.

Our powers of " vision " are too often unrecognised, diregarded, thrown away. Here in this exhibition is a chance to glimpse the other side of the coin - the visually - dominant dyslexic mind at work, unfettered by the superfluous constraint of words.
Such a MIND - at its greatest -
is a Leonardo or an Einstein.
While it is obviously not possible to state categorically at this date that Leonardo was ( or was not ) dyslexic - there are highly significant traits in his work (e.g. the mirror writing) which suggest to the trained eye and from my own experience having been born left-handed and encouraged by my teaching nuns to utilise my predisposition to micro-writing with my left hand that he was.

of Leonardo da Vinci (as opposed to a "word-based/sequential" mode of thought) is, in any case, surely undeniable.
He himself says that the use of drawing gives " knowledge which is impossible for ancient or modern writers (to convey ) without any infinitely tedious example and confused prolixity of writing"
Leonardo's use of perspective and golden proportions is further "mirrored" in Dali's version of The Last Supper
Ludovico Maria Sforza - also known as Ludovico il Moro was Duke of Milan from 1489 until his death. A member of the Sforza family, he was the fourth son of Francesco Sforza. He was famed as a patron of Leonardo da Vinci and other artists, and presided over the final and most productive stage of the Milanese Renaissance.
He is probably best known as the man who commissioned the 
The "visuo/spatial" dominance is equally evident, and naturally more accessibly documented in the case of Einstein. We have, for example, reports from his tutors and his own comments on his academic education.

Most telling perhaps, is his famous remark -  


"If I can't picture it, I can't understand it"


Leonardo was right all along, new medical scans show 


He has long been praised as one of the finest artists of the Renaissance, working far ahead of his time and producing some of the world’s most recognisable works.


But Leonardo da Vinci has finally received the credit he deserves for his “startling” medical accuracy hundreds of years in advance of his peers, as scientists match his anatomical drawings with modern day MRI scans ...


First posted by Michael Grove on November 15, 1991 at 9:00



Access_public Access: Public



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3 months later Michael said

Bobbo has said elsewhere

over 2 years later Michael said

Leonardo da Vinci famously tried to discover the secret of bird flight -
he built elaborate flying machines and was convinced that, suitably equipped with wings, members of our own species could take to the air.

In the words of Leonardo during his time at the Chateau d’Amboise

”The great mystery of FLIGHT. Would that it gave the chance to escape this

mortal coil and all its travailsIF NOT for me then perhaps for others.”

Leave Your Wise and Insightful Comment

Views: 572

Comment by Michael Grove on February 19, 2012 at 8:37

A recent article in the New York Times Sunday Review explains the latest findings on dyslexia which are leading to a new way of looking at the condition: not just as an impediment, but as an advantage, especially in certain artistic and scientific fields -

Dyslexia is a complex disorder, and there is much that is still not understood about it. But a series of ingenious experiments have shown that many people with dyslexia possess distinctive perceptual abilities. For example, scientists have produced a growing body of evidence that people with the condition have sharper peripheral vision than others. Gadi Geiger and Jerome Lettvin, cognitive scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, used a mechanical shutter, called a tachistoscope, to briefly flash a row of letters extending from the center of a subject’s field of vision out to its perimeter. Typical readers identified the letters in the middle of the row with greater accuracy. Those with dyslexia triumphed, however, when asked to identify letters located in the row’s outer reaches.

Intriguing evidence that those with dyslexia process information from the visual periphery more quickly also comes from the study of “impossible figures,” like those sketched by the artist M. C. Escher. A focus on just one element of his complicated drawings can lead the viewer to believe that the picture represents a plausible physical arrangement.

A more capacious view that takes in the entire scene at once, however, reveals that Escher’s staircases really lead nowhere, that the water in his fountains is flowing up rather than down — that they are, in a word, impossible. Dr. Catya von Károlyi, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire, found that people with dyslexia identified simplified Escher-like pictures as impossible or possible in an average of 2.26 seconds; typical viewers tend to take a third longer. “The compelling implication of this finding,”

wrote Dr. Von Károlyi and her co-authors in the journal Brain and Language, “is that dyslexia should not be characterized only by deficit, but also by talent.”

Comment by Michael Grove on May 1, 2012 at 14:42

"The inventions of nature are always superior to human inventions" - Leonardo da Vinci

Comment by Michael Grove on October 30, 2012 at 22:42

From "the seed" of the BBC Computer Literacy Project -


to the Interactive Multimedia Presentation of Picasso's Guernica -

to "the blossoming" Marvel of Leonardo which is THE genius of the Touch Press iPad 3 app -


BRAVO and ALL hail to those who have obviously worked

with passion to bring "this particular" event to fruition.





Comment by Michael Grove on August 5, 2013 at 19:20

We can pinpoint the emergence of Leonardo da Vincis interest in

human anatomy with some accuracy. It was at the end of the 1480s,

when he was working for Ludovico Maria Sforza, the swarthy ruler of

Milan. One day Leonardo sat down and inscribed the top of a sheet

of paper using his idiosyncratic right-to-left mirror writing with the

words, “On the 2nd day of April 1489”, adding later...

Book entitled On the Human Figure”. As a new 
exhibition of his

anatomical studies at the Queen’s Gallery at the Palace of

Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh suggests, though, it would be another

two decades before he really hit his stride.

It is only a year, of course, since Leonardo da Vinci: Anatomist,

a magnificent exhibition at the Queen’s Gallery at Buckingham Palace

that showcased the full breadth of around 200 sheets of

anatomical studies by Leonardo in the Royal Collection.

Inevitably, the new exhibition, also curated by Martin Clayton,

feels less significant. While it sets Anatomical Manuscript A in

context by providing a handful of representative sheets from earlier

and later in Leonardo’s career, including one of the famous 1489

drawings of a sectioned skull, it does not offer a comprehensive

overview of his activities as an anatomist.

Comment by Michael Grove on August 14, 2013 at 6:34

The exhumation of three bodies from a Florentine crypt may have

brought Italian researchers a step closer to confirming the identity of

the woman believed to be the subject of Leonardo da Vinci's

famous "Mona Lisa" painting, also known as "La Gioconda"

-which refers to Lisa Gherardini, the second wife of a Florentine silk

merchant, Francesco del Giocondo.

  • Remains of relatives of the woman believed to
    be the "Mona Lisa" model have been found
  • Researchers plan to check their DNA against
  • the DNA of a skeleton found at her burial site
  • If there is a match, they will reconstruct the
  • skeleton's face and compare it to the portrait

Yet another step in the journey to to truly understand the LIFE and WORKS of Leonardo.

Comment by Michael Grove on June 7, 2014 at 10:34

ONE of Leonardo da Vinci's

masterpiecesdrawn in the

early 1500s and thought to be

a self-portrait, is in extremely

poor condition and continues to

deteriorate each day.

The artwork, drawn in red chalk,

has been exposed to humidity

over the centuries and has

yellowed, but thanks to

breakthrough technology there

is new hope for halting its


Scientists have developed a new approach to

identify the culprit of the yellowing without

interfering with the original drawing and the

knowledge gleaned could be used to preserve

and save the precious self- portrait.

Comment by Michael Grove on January 10, 2016 at 9:05

What does it mean to be a genius
? Is genius born or made

or both? How do you practice brilliancy? How do you cultivate

aliveness? How do you develop your multiple talents, loves

and abilities and how can you evolve in every aspect that

amounts to the complex equation of You?

Andréa Balt

Comment by Michael Grove on February 17, 2021 at 14:43

How do you yourself ever practice brilliancy? well in the context of my long-standing appreciation of the mirror-writing capabilities of Leonardo da Vinci • I well remember hand drawing a copy of his

Comment by Michael Grove on September 7, 2022 at 22:45

THERE IS nothing more difficult to carry out, nor more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to handle than to initiate a new order of things” …

[IS] at this very [TIME] [BE]ing stealthily subverted by the very actions of the President of the USA and his cohorts, which increasingly appears to be DOING the WRONG THINGS for the WRONG REASONS, with regard to and respect for the FUTURE of human[KIND] as custodians of ALL THE PASSENGERS of Buckminster Fuller’s so-called Spaceship Earth.

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