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THE new, bottom-up industrial revolution.



The CandyFab granular printing system uses heated air and granulated sugar to produce food-grade art objects - art as ever "showing the way" forward to the ever evolving process of science and technology.


As Allister Heath has stated in his recent Telegraph Viewpoint article -

"Manufacturing has come a long way since the days when Henry Ford 

supposedly told his customers that they could have a car in any colour they

wished, as long as it was black, but 3D printing will take customisation to

its logical conclusion. Choices will often be created or supervised by

consumers themselves; in extremis, micro-markets will consist of just one

customer who really, really wants a very large and very bright green kitchen



There will also be an explosion in self-production and DIY manufacturing;

making things using one’s own equipment may even become almost as

common as cooking one’s own food or uploading one’s own pictures to

a social network. One can now buy a proper second-hand 3D printer for a

few thousand pounds and the price will keep on falling; eventually, they

could become as ubiquitous as microwave ovens. 


The benefits of 3D printing are so massive that it would be economic 

suicide for any nation to ban the technology, or regulate it out of existence. 

It would certainly be equally mad to downplay its risks, and its safe use will 

require a major change in policing techniques, but the benefits from its 

mass adoption will outweigh its costs. 


Given that economies of scale will no longer be so essential, 3D printing

will drastically reduce the barriers to entry to start-ups. Anti-trust policy

will become obsolete. The influx of new competitors will shake up many

industries, just as old oligopolies built around intellectual property have

already been smashed. One interesting case study is Makielab, a

Shoreditch-based firm which allows users to design a truly be- spoke doll;

when a child or its parents are satisfied with the design, they can order a

10in model for £69.99. Expect vast numbers of such players to emerge,

providing cus- tomers with apps and websites. Some will succeed, many

will fail, fortunes will be made and lost in a great 3D bubble, but all will

do Schumpeter proud. 


Eventually, even governments will be threatened by the 3D printing

revolution. In a world of endless choice, who will put up with one size fits

all public services and flawed, bureaucratic decision making? If they want

to redeem themselves, the politicians will need to find a way of preventing

maniacs from abusing this marvellous technology, while allowing a

generation of visionary entrepreneurs to use it to engineer a new,

bottom-up industrial revolution."



A British inventor has unveiled the ultimate Star Trek gadget - 

a £650 handheld scanner that could be used to copy almost any item.



The Fuel3D scanner, originally developed at  Oxford University, can capture

everything from a flower’s petals to the contours of human skin. It is able

to capture images in seconds, and they can then be sent to a computer for









Views: 245

Comment by Michael Grove on May 12, 2013 at 22:25

Everybody knows the works of Dutch graphic artist Maurits Cornelis Escher, those mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. Escher's work uses polyhedra and geometric distortions and that makes his drawing so fascinating.

Now one research group decided to make it possible to bring some of these "impossible" shapes to real life.

A 3D-printed implant was used to replace 75 percent

of a man's skull in a surgical procedure earlier this year.

Comment by Michael Grove on July 10, 2013 at 11:45

Schools are the worst technophobes but universities have also failed to keep up - still mostly requiring students to study full time on location and pay increasingly unaffordable fees for the privilege of listening to often mediocre lectures.

Comment by Michael Grove on November 5, 2013 at 15:33

The Future of 3D Printing

. . . and then JUST IMAGINE the D-Shape 3D printer making the 'cgi multi-shaped blocks' out of graphene and utilising them, using the processes of flight assembled architecture,

and a 'workforce' of quadrocopters !!!???

Comment by Michael Grove on June 7, 2014 at 17:50

The 21st century revolution in building technology has a name. D-Shape

The mega scale free-form printer of buildings. 
What couldn't be done, now can be done.

D-Shape is a large 3-Dimensional printer that uses stereolithography, a layer by layer printing

process, to bind sand with an inorganic seawater and magnesium-based binder in order to create

stone-like objects. Invented by Enrico Dini, founder of Monolite UK Ltd, the first model of the

D-Shape printer used epoxy resin, commonly used as an adhesive in the construction of skis,

cars, and airplanes, as the binder. Dini patented this model in 2006. After experiencing problems

with the epoxy, Dini changed the binder to the current magnesium-based one and patented his

printer again in September 2008. In the future, Dini aims to use the printer to create full-scale


Comment by Michael Grove on June 8, 2014 at 22:48

The installation, called "Flight Assembled Architecture", was conceived and built by teams led by

Fabio Gramazio & Matthias Kohler as well as Raffaello D'Andrea at the ETH Zurich. It illustrates a

radically new way of thinking about materializing architecture: Use a multitude of mobile flying

agents working in parallel and acting together as a scalable production means. As you can see in

the video, the quadrocopters are programmed to interact, lift, transport and assemble small

modules in order to erect a building

The tower is actually a 1:100 model of a "vertical village" with a height of 600 meters and housing

30'000 inhabitants. To learn more about the technology (control architecture, collision avoidance

and freeway based flight, brick placement, safety systems, etc.) and architectural aspects

(geographic location, transit times, access plans, structural and wind tunnel analysis, etc.),

have a look at

Comment by Michael Grove on November 11, 2014 at 14:05

My thanks to Michael for posting his MOON COLONY built by Robot 3D Printers and all of the comments for discussion made therein.

Inside a hip hotel room in Cupertino, California
 - just a short walk from Apple’s headquarters—the phone rings. I answer. A recorded voice tells me that my delivery has arrived. Just outside the door, I find a squat, white pillar of plastic and metal waiting expectantly.

Comment by Michael Grove on June 25, 2015 at 7:31

The UK government is making a strong push into developing 3D printing's potential in aerospace, by investing £100m ($158m, €141m) into a new research centre in Coventry, as well as launching a competition, giving £10m funding to aerospace firms.

Small business minister Anna Soubry opened the £60m Aerospace Research Centre and National Centre for Net Shape and Additive Manufacturing in Coventry on 22 June, which is based at the existing Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC).

The MTC is one of nine centres across the UK which is designed to help companies take technologies developed in academic research institutes and bring them to market, and the one in Coventry will now take a special interest in 3D printing.

Comment by Michael Grove on November 13, 2015 at 9:44

Large-scale 3D printer plans to build homes using organic materials.

Standing at 12 meters tall, ‘big delta’ is an undertaking to take 3D printing to a much larger scale.

over the past three years, italian enterprise WASP (world’s advanced saving project) formulated

their dream of a giant 3D printer that could contribute to the dramatic global issue of housing.

The united nations calculated that over the next 15 years, there will be a need for an average of

100,000 new houses every day. WASP project believes quick 3D printers will aid with this drastic

demand. supported by a sturdy frame a movable nozzle that acts as a mixer will layer mud and

clay raw materials to build full-scale homes. 

Comment by Michael Grove on May 28, 2016 at 5:06

Scientists from Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering announce

that they have just constructed a new 3D printer that could spew out conductive metallic ink

at the microscale, possibly leading to more complex architectures and electronic devices.

It also has the ability to print objects in mid-air. By printing in mid-air, users can create

freeform objects and patterns that were not possible using traditional 3D printers.

... according to a recent press release,

... and Siemens is building an army of robot spiders called SiSpis that are equipped with artificial

intelligence and 3D printing nozzles. This allows them to autonomously and collaboratively build

wherever they are, a new system the inventors are referring to as "mobile manufacturing."

Comment by Michael Grove on October 22, 2017 at 13:05

Morphogenesis and mechanostabilization of complex natural and 3D printed shapes

The natural selection and the evolutionary optimization of complex shapes in nature are closely

related to their functions. Mechanostabilization of shape of biological structure via morphogenesis

has several beautiful examples. With the help of simple mechanics-based modeling and

experiments, we show an important causality between natural shape selection as evolutionary

outcome and the mechanostabilization of seashells. The effect of biological growth on the

mechanostabilization process is identified with examples of two natural shapes of seashells,

one having a diametrically converging localization of stresses and the other having a helicoidally

concentric localization of stresses. We demonstrate how the evolved shape enables predictable

protection of soft body parts of the species. The effect of bioavailability of natural material is

found to be a secondary factor compared to shape selectivity, where material microstructure

only acts as a constraint to evolutionary optimization.

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