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EUROCONTROL is the European Organisation

    ... for the Safety of Air Navigation and is an inter-governmental

    organisation working for seamless, pan-European air traffic

    management. The organization was established in 1960 by six

    European States, i.e. Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg,

    The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, for the purpose of

    developing a coherent and coordinated air traffic control system

    in Europe. The EUROCONTROL International Convention relating

    to Co-operation for the Safety of Air Navigation was signed at

    Brussels on 13 December 1960 and entered into force on 1 March 1963.

    Four Member States (Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, and

    The Netherlands) agreed in 1964 to set up a single international

    air traffic control centre to manage their upper airspace, finally settling

    on Maastricht in the Netherlands. In 2014, the organisation had

    40 Member States, counting the European Community as a member.

  

    The Organization’s strategic objectives are classified in specific areas:

    Safety, Capacity, Efficiency, Security, and Environment. To achieve

    its mission and objectives, EUROCONTROL initiates, develops, and

    coordinates short-, medium- and long-term pan-European air traffic

    management strategies and their associated action plans. This is done

    in a collective effort involving civil and military aviation stakeholders

    (national authorities, air navigation service providers, civil and military

    airspace users, airports, industry, professional organizations), the

    European institutions (such as the European Aviation Safety Agency,

    the European Community, the European Civil Aviation Conference, etc.),

    and international aviation bodies.

 

     EUROCONTROL’s main offices are located as follows: the Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium; the

      Research Centre in Brétigny-sur-Orge, France; the Maastricht Upper  Area Control (MUAC) centre

      in Maastricht, Netherlands; and the Training Institute in Luxembourg.

      _____________________________________________________________________________________________________

      Although Eurocontrol is not an agency of the European Union, the EU has delegated parts of its

      Single European Sky regulations to Eurocontrol, making it the central organisation for coordination

      and planning of air traffic control for all of Europe.[3] The EU itself is a signatory of Eurocontrol

      and all EU member states are presently also members of Eurocontrol.[4]The organisation works

      with national authorities, air navigation service providers, civil and military airspace users, airports,

      and other organisations. Its activities involve all gate-to-gate air navigation service operations:

      strategic and tactical flow management, controller training, regional control of airspace,

      safety-proofed technologies and procedures, and collection of air navigation charges.

     The Eurocontrol Convention was signed in 1960 and ratified in 1963. Before the Convention

     entered into force in 1963, there were already indications that the matter of national sovereignty

     would complicate the full implementation of the organisation’s founding mission. The first European

     plan for a harmonised air traffic control (ATC) system, proposed in 1962, was beset by the refusal

     of both France and Britain to comply, largely due to reasons closely linked with their national military

     airspace control. The other four original members (the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, the

     Netherlands and Luxembourg) agreed in 1964 to set up a single international air traffic control centre

     to manage their upper airspace, settling in the Dutch city of Maastricht.[5]

     The European Parliament at the time expressed concern about the lack of clear intergovernmental

     agreements to ensure common air traffic control services across the continent. In 1979, Eurocontrol

     signed a working cooperation agreement with the European Commission, attempting to create a

     synergy of Eurocontrol’s technical expertise and EU’s regulatory authorities. Several initiatives

     originating in this period become a lasting element of the organisation, such as the Eurocontrol

     forecasting service, which became STATFOR, as well as the Aeronautical Information Service.

     By 1986, the pressures on the European ATC network was so big that a new, wider mandate was

     already being considered for Eurocontrol, with much of the initiative coming from ECAC’s Ministers

     of Transport. Subsequently, ECAC urged all of its member states to join Eurocontrol.[5]

                                                                                                             Eurocontrol - Wikipedia

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Comment by Michael Grove on November 26, 2018 at 7:18

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