compassion, collaboration & cooperation iN transistion
... IT WAS no coincidence, by the TIME that the Romans began to leave
Britain in 409 A.D. after 366 years of occupation, that the very farthest
northwestern extent of their Empire, reached all the way to Hadrian's Wall
in Cumbria; and that almost a century before the Romans had arrived to
stay, the Roman general, Emperor Julius Caesar had invaded Britain in
the August of 55 B.C. (55 years before Jesus was born) with two Roman
legions and after winning several battles against the Celtic tribes (Britons)
in the south-east of England, he was finally forced to return to France.
It was as a result of the tectonic splitting of Pangea and the subsequent
forming of the Atlantic Ocean that the two very separate landmasses of
Scotland and that which constitutes England and Wales today, each with
different types of mineral make-up, were brought together as one; and
no doubt why the Celts had come to populate all of the British Isles
- in no dissimilar manner than others had first arrived and settled on the
Isles of Orkney several millennia before - in search of Caledonia's valuable
natural resources, like lead, silver and gold; as well as tin from England
and Wales; and a pleasantly climatic place to live, settling down to a
community life, growing food and rearing live-stock for the family table.
The Romans, of course, wanted access to ALL of those precious metals
and it was they who first called our land ‘Britannia’, which quite simply
meant 'land of tin'. They weren't however, just a destructive force - they
built new forts, new settlements as well as roads and they spread their
culture, language and laws, far and wide.
I SUPPOSE that it is all down to ...
THE CURIOUS CASE of BEING BRITISH
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[IT] was a family ramble through fields during
lockdown last year that led to an “oh wow moment”:
the discovery of a Roman villa complex containing
a rare mosaic depicting Homer’s The Iliad, now
thought to be one of the most remarkable and
significant finds of its kind in Britain.
Never forgetting the influence that was manifested
by the legacy which the Romans left the isles of
our 'Land of TIN' Britannia with !!! • much more
so, I would suggest than the land of ROME which
has now been subsumed by the so-called idl of
the supposed European Union.
A wealthy Roman trading town, whose inhabitants adorned themselves with jewellery and ate from fine pottery, has been discovered half a metre below the surface of a remote field in Northamptonshire.
A 10-metre-wide Roman road, domestic and industrial buildings, more than 300 coins and at least four wells have been unearthed at the site, where 80 archaeologists have been working for the past 12 months.
The field, on the Northamptonshire-Oxfordshire border, lies on the route of the HS2 rail network under construction between London and Birmingham. It is one of more than 100 archaeological sites that have been examined along the route since 2018, and among the most significant findings to date. “This is certainly one of the most impressive sites [we have] discovered while working on the HS2 scheme,” said James West, of Mola Headland Infrastructure, which has managed the excavation. The presence of an archaeological site in the area has been known since the 18th century, but the findings during the dig surpassed experts’ expectations.
“This is certainly one of the most impressive sites [we have] discovered while working on the HS2 scheme,” said West. “Uncovering such a well-preserved and large Roman road, as well as so many high-quality finds, has been extraordinary and tells us so much about the people who lived here. The site really does have the potential to transform our understanding of the Roman landscape in the region and beyond.”
An iron age village, formed of more than 30 roundhouses, stood on the site at the time of the Roman invasion in 43BC. During the period of the Roman occupation, which lasted until AD410, the settlement expanded and became more prosperous.
New stone buildings were constructed in distinct domestic, agricultural and industrial areas of the settlement. In the latter, archaeologists have uncovered evidence of workshops and kilns, where activities such as metalwork, bread-making and pottery took place.
The main road – which West described as “a Roman dual carriageway” – indicates that the town was a trading hub, with carts coming and going to load and unload goods. Most Roman roads were 4-5 metres wide, “so this is really impressive”. The nearby River Cherwell was another trading route to and from the settlement.